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Home > Families and Couples > Other > Can a lease be terminated?

Can a lease be terminated?

Access to the Habitation à loyer modique program
You can terminate your lease if you are enrolled in the Habitation à loyer modique (Low Rent Housing, or HLM) program. If you want to terminate a lease that is 12 months long or longer, the termination will take effect two months after you send a notice to the landlord. For an indefinite lease or one less than 12 months long, the termination will take effect one month after the date of the notice.

Admission to a residential and long-term care facility or seniors' residence
If you are an elderly person who has been admitted permanently to a residential and long-term care facility or seniors' residence, simply notify your landlord that you intend to terminate the lease. A 12-month lease terminates two months after you send the written notice. This notice must be accompanied by an attestation from the institution to which you are moving. The landlord cannot evict you before the expiry of this three-month period, even if he or she claims to have rented your property to another person.

If a tenant is living alone at the time of his or her death, the liquidator of the succession or an heir may terminate the lease by giving the landlord two months' notice within six months of the death. Termination may take effect before the expiry of that period if the liquidator (or heir) and the landlord so agree, or if the landlord rents the dwelling to a new tenant.

Domestic violence or sexual assault
Tenants who are victims of domestic violence or sexual assault may terminate their lease by sending a written notice to the landlord together with the attestation required by law.

No fixed-term lease
If there is no fixed term for the lease, tenants must give one month's written notice prior to leaving the dwelling.

Dwelling unfit for habitation
Tenants may vacate a dwelling if it becomes unfit for habitation. They must notify the owner of the state of the dwelling before vacating it or within ten days of vacating the premises.

The lease may provide for specific provisions in this case. Consult your notary for more information.